Mokulito ("wood lithography") is a print technique developed in the 1970s by Ozaku Schisi in Japan and more recently by Polish artist Ewa Budka. Mokulito utilises and adapts the principles of lithography allowing you to print from a wooden surface rather than a stone or aluminium plate. Mokulito enables to blend pure litho marks and sharp woodcut marks on the same piece of plywood using a wide range of drawing materials directly on the surface of the wood.
Photogravure refers to a set of printmaking techniques combining photography and intaglio engraving. With the traditional technique, harking back to Nicéphore Niépce, metal plates are coated with light-sensitive solution and then etched in an acid bath. More recent developments, such as the digital direct-to-plate photogravure process explored at Baldessin Press, impress digital source files on polymer plates which are inked with traditional French printing ink and printed on a variety of classic manual and motorised presses.
The direct-to-plate process employs Japanese-made photopolymer plates. Images are transferred to these plates on an inkjet printer. The plate is then inked and printed just like in traditional intaglio printing. Since there is no actual etching involved, the process remains non-toxic and environment-friendly, while still retaining all the detail and depth of traditional etched copper or zinc plates.
Intaglio — any kind of printmaking technique where lines are scored into a surface, as opposed to relief printing.
Etching — refers to the process of removing select parts of the surface of a plate either by chemical means (acid bath, eau-forte) or by scoring the plate by hand (drypoint)
mordant (bath…) term for the acid or corrosive salt bath used to etch into metal plates
aquatint — printmaking technique